Discovering Kharo Chan: Pakistan's Ancient City

Discovering Kharo Chan: Pakistan’s Ancient City

Kharo Chan, also known as Banbhore, is an ancient city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It was once a thriving port city on the Arabian Sea and served as an important center of trade and commerce. Today, Kharo Chan stands as a testament to Pakistan's rich cultural heritage and history.

Pakistan is home to numerous ancient cities that reflect the region’s rich heritage and cultural diversity. One of these cities is Kharo Chan, which is located in Sindh province and dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization. The city was once a major center of trade, commerce, and religious practices, and it played a significant role in shaping Pakistan’s identity and heritage. In this article, we will explore the history, features, and cultural significance of Kharo Chan, as well as its rediscovery and value as a cultural and historical landmark.

History of Kharo Chan

Kharo Chan’s history dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished from around 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The city was located on the banks of the Indus river, which served as a major source of water and transportation for the people living in the region. Kharo Chan was one of the largest and most important cities of the civilization, and it was known for its advanced urban planning, efficient drainage systems, and sophisticated architecture.

During its heyday, Kharo Chan was a major center of trade and commerce, and it was connected to other cities and regions through a network of roads and waterways. The city’s strategic location made it an ideal hub for the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultural practices. However, like many other ancient civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization declined and eventually disappeared, leaving behind only remnants of its once-great cities.

Features of Kharo Chan

Kharo Chan’s layout and architecture reflect the advanced urban planning and engineering techniques of the Indus Valley Civilization. The city was divided into two parts, with the western part being the residential area and the eastern part being the commercial and administrative center. The city was surrounded by a fortified wall and had a sophisticated drainage system that helped manage the city’s water supply and waste disposal.

One of the most notable structures in Kharo Chan is the Great Bath, which is believed to have been used for religious and ceremonial purposes. The bath is a large rectangular pool with steps leading down to the water, and it is surrounded by a colonnaded courtyard. Other notable structures in the city include the Granary, the Assembly Hall, and the Market Hall. The city also had amenities such as public wells, underground water channels, and public latrines.

Cultural Significance of Kharo Chan

Kharo Chan was an important center of religious and cultural practices, and it played a significant role in shaping the identity and heritage of Pakistan. The city was home to various religious and cultural traditions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The city’s architecture, art, and language reflect the region’s rich cultural diversity and the influence of various civilizations that existed in the region.

Kharo Chan’s contribution to the development of the Indus Valley Civilization is also significant. The city’s advanced urban planning, engineering techniques, and trade networks contributed to the civilization’s prosperity and longevity. The rediscovery of Kharo Chan has provided valuable insights into the civilization’s history, culture, and way of life.

Rediscovery of Kharo Chan

After the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, Kharo Chan was gradually abandoned and eventually disappeared. The city’s remains were buried under layers of silt and soil, and it was only in the 20th century that archaeologists began to uncover the city’s remains. Excavations have revealed a wealth of information about the city’s layout, architecture, and way of life, and have helped shed light on the history and culture of the region.

The rediscovery of Kharo Chan has been significant for Pakistan’s cultural heritage and identity. The city’s legacy continues to inspire and educate people about the rich history and cultural diversity of the region.

Discovering Kharo Chan: Pakistan’s Ancient City

Kharo Chan is a testament to the rich cultural heritage and diversity of Pakistan, and its rediscovery has provided valuable insights into the region’s history and way of life. The city’s advanced urban planning, sophisticated architecture, and cultural and religious practices reflect the region’s prosperity and the influence of various civilizations. The rediscovery of Kharo Chan has helped shape Pakistan’s identity and heritage, and it serves as a reminder of the region’s rich past and cultural significance.


Aamir’s vision for is to provide accurate, up-to-date information on schools, colleges, roles, and culture of Pakistan, and to showcase the unique traditions and heritage of the country.

He is committed to promoting Pakistan and its culture to a wider audience, and he believes that by sharing information and stories, we can build greater understanding and respect for the country and its people.

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