Kashmore is a Tehsil in the Sindh province of Pakistan, known for its rich cultural heritage, scenic beauty, and economic importance. Despite being relatively unknown, it has a lot to offer in terms of history, culture, and tourism. In this article, we will explore the geographical features, historical significance, culture and traditions, tourist attractions, economic importance, challenges, and opportunities of Kashmore.
Kashmore is located in the northern part of Sindh province, bordering the districts of Dera Bugti and Larkana. It covers an area of 3,032 square kilometers, and its population is estimated to be around 600,000. The Tehsil is characterized by its flat topography, with the Kirthar Mountains to the west and the Indus River to the east. The climate is hot and dry, with temperatures reaching up to 50°C in summers.
The Indus River and its tributaries are the lifeline of Kashmore, providing water for irrigation and navigation. The main canals are the Sukkur Barrage, the Guddu Barrage, and the Kotri Barrage. The Sukkur Barrage, built in 1932, is the largest barrage in Asia, and a major tourist attraction. It has a length of 5,001 feet and a height of 66 feet.
Kashmore has a rich history dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization. Many ancient sites and landmarks have been discovered in the Tehsil, such as the Mohenjo-Daro ruins, which are a UNESCO World Heritage site. The region has been influenced by various cultures over the centuries, including the Greeks, Persians, Arabs, Mughals, and British.
The city of Kashmore was founded by the British in the early 20th century as a center for trade and commerce. It was named after Lord Mountbatten, who was the Viceroy of India at that time. The city has many historical landmarks, such as the Mountbatten Bungalow, the Kashmore Fort, and the British Cemetery. These sites offer a glimpse into the colonial past of the region.
Culture and Traditions
Kashmore is a melting pot of different ethnic groups and cultures. The main ethnic groups are Sindhis, Balochis, and Punjabis. The people of Kashmore are known for their hospitality and warmth. They celebrate various festivals and events throughout the year, such as Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, and Urs of Sufi saints. The local cuisine is diverse, with dishes like Sindhi Biryani, Balochi Sajji, and Punjabi Tandoori Chicken being popular.
The handicrafts of Kashmore are also noteworthy. The region is famous for its Ajrak, a traditional block-printed fabric, and its pottery, which is made using local clay. The Ajrak is known for its intricate designs and vibrant colors, and is worn by both men and women in the region.
Kashmore has many natural scenic spots, such as the Kirthar National Park, which is a wildlife reserve, and the Manchar Lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan. The park is home to various species of flora and fauna, such as the Sindh Ibex, the Leopard, and the Marsh Crocodile. The lake is a popular spot for fishing and boating.
Apart from the natural attractions, Kashmore has many historical landmarks, such as the Mohenjo-Daro ruins, the Sukkur Barrage, the Kot Diji Fort, and the Ranikot Fort. These sites offer a glimpse into the rich history and culture of the region. Adventure activities like trekking, camping, and rock climbing are also popular in the Kirthar Mountains.
Kashmore is an important agricultural and industrial center in Sindh province. The region is known for its cotton and wheat production, and its fruits and vegetables, such as mangoes and tomatoes. The Tehsil has many small and medium-sized industries, such as textile, leather, and food processing. The Sukkur Barrage and its canals provide water for irrigation, and also generate hydroelectric power.
Challenges and Opportunities
Despite its potential, Kashmore faces many challenges in terms of infrastructure, development, and poverty. The region lacks basic amenities like healthcare, education, and sanitation. The roads and transportation system are also in need of improvement. However, there are opportunities for growth and progress, such as promoting tourism, improving the agricultural and industrial sector, and investing in infrastructure development.
In conclusion, Kashmore is a Tehsil with a lot of charm and potential. It has a rich history, diverse culture, and many natural and historical attractions. It is also an important economic center in Sindh province. However, it faces many challenges in terms of infrastructure, development, and poverty. Therefore, it is important to explore and support the region, to unlock its full potential and improve the lives of its people.