Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal (Mediterranean) region then called “Canaan” in Phoenician, Arabic, Greek, and Aramaic, “Phoenicia” in Greek and Latin, and “Pūt” in Ancient Egyptian. Phoenician is a Semitic language of the Canaanite subgroup; its closest living relative is Hebrew, to which it is very similar. The area where Phoenician was spoken includes modern-day Lebanon, coastal Syria, Palestine, northern Israel, parts of Cyprus and, at least as a prestige language, some adjacent areas of Anatolia. It was also spoken in the area of Phoenician colonization along the coasts of the Southwestern Mediterranean, including those of modern Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Algeria, as well as Malta, the west of Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Balearic islands and southernmost Spain. Phoenician is currently known only from brief and unvaried inscriptions of official and religious character and occasional glosses in books written in other languages; Roman authors such as Sallust allude to some books written in Punic language, but none have survived except occasionally in translation (e.g., Mago’s treatise) or in snippets (e.g., in Plautus’ plays). The Cippi of Melqart, discovered in Malta in 1694, were inscribed in two languages, Ancient Greek and Carthaginian. This made it possible for French scholar Abbé Barthelemy to decipher and reconstruct the Carthaginian alphabet. Further, since a trade agreement made between Etruscans and a group of Phoenicians around 500 BCE was found in 1964, more Etruscan has been deciphered.The Maltese Language