Kuduro (or kuduru) is a type of music and dance originally developed in Angola in the 1980s. It is characterized as uptempo, energetic, and danceable. Kuduro began in Luanda, Angola in the late 1980s. Initially, producers sampled traditional carnival music like soca and zouk béton from the Caribbean, and also semba from Angola and laid this around a fast 4/4 beat. The kuduro is similar to the Kizomba rhythm. The lyrics are in Portuguese.