Afro-Guyanese people are the inhabitants of Guyana of Sub-Saharan African descent (formerly, as the Afro-Guianese they were the inhabitants forcibly brought as slaves to work on the sugar plantations of British Guiana). After abolition of slavery in The British Colonies, Afro-Guyanese came together to develop small villages. They were not given land to compensate for their labor as future immigrant groups received, seeding the beginning of ethnic tension. When planters made land or passage home available to East Indians as part of the terms of indentured labour in the late 19th century, given that they had denied land to the Africans as emancipated slaves several decades earlier, it created tension among the ethnic groups. By the early twentieth century, the majority of the urban population of the country was African Guianese. Many Afro Guianese living in villages had migrated to the towns in search of work. Until the 1930s, Afro Guianese, especially those of mixed African and European descent, comprised the bulk of the nonwhite professional class. Due mainly to re-enforced racism by the colonial authority. During the 1930s, as the Indian Guianese began to enter the middle class in large numbers, they began to compete with Afro Guianese for professional positions.