Shahmukhi

Shahmukhi (, meaning literally “from the King’s mouth”) is a Perso-Arabic alphabet used to write the Punjabi language. It is generally written in Nastaʿlīq hand. Perso-Arabic is one of two scripts used for Punjabi, the other being Gurmukhi. The Shahmukhi alphabet was first used by the Sufi poets of the Punjab; it became the conventional writing style for the Muslim populace of the Pakistani province of Punjab following the independence of Pakistan in 1947, while the largely Sikh province of Punjab, India adopted the Gurmukhi script to record the Punjabi language. Its use in Indian Punjab is mainly confined to the elderly generation who lived on the other side of the border before the independence of Pakistan in 1947, although it is also recommended to be studied for students studying at M.A level in Punjabi. It is however, used as the main alphabet to write the Pothohari dialect in Indian Jammu and Kashmir. Shahmukhi is written from right to left, while Gurmukhi is written from left to right. Below is the comparison of the two scripts.